Do you know your fissure from your adenoma? Here are nine more words you might hear at your next dermatology appointment.

Every field out there, from law to medicine, comes with its own jargon and terminology. What you might label a pimple is *actually* known as a pustule or papule in dermatology circles!

Want to make sure you know what your dermatologist is saying at your next appointment? Here are nine need-to-know dermatology terms to help you understand your skin better.

  1. Adenoma

Adenomas are a type of tumor deriving from the sebaceous, or oil-producing, glands. They are often rare and benign. They usually present as small yellow-ish nodules on the skin. Adenoma can be removed with simple excision.

  1. Allergen

Allergens refer to substances that trigger a response in the immune system. They can cause a rash or blisters if they come into contact with someone with a specific allergy. Using topical or oral antihistamines is the best way to treat them.

  1. Carcinoma

Carcinoma is a common type of cancer often affecting the skin cells and other tissues. Basal cell and squamous cell are examples of them. It’s estimated that carcinomas make up 80% – 90% of all cancer cases.

  1. Collagen

Collagen is a protein that is present throughout the body. It is most prevalent in the tendons, connective tissues, ligaments, and skin. It helps to promote and maintain skin elasticity. As we age, our natural reserves start to break down.

  1. Emollient

    dermatology

If you suffer from dry, flakey skin, then you’ll want to familiarize yourself with this dermatology term. Emollients refer to skincare ingredients that cover the skin with a protective layer to prevent transepidermal water loss.

  1. Fissure

A fissure is a lesion on the skin’s surface. This is often a result of dry and thickened skin. This can often lead to cracked, torn skin which, if left exposed, can be painful and vulnerable to infection.

  1. Hyperhidrosis

Dermatology term

Hyperhidrosis is a condition that causes people to sweat excessively. It’s estimated that around 15.3 million people in the United States suffer from this condition. Treatment options include Botox, prescription creams, and nerve-blocking drugs.

  1. Keratin

Keratinnis a structural protein found in the body. Hair and nails are made up of Keratin. If you produce too much protein, it can cause problems. Problems can include calluses and keratosis pilaris.

  1. Lipids

Lipids are the natural fats that can be found in your skin. They are responsible for several functions, such as repairing and keeping your skin barrier strong and improving its elasticity.

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